Not only Indian farmers are in distress, the farmers across many nations are facing difficult situations which are forcing them to abandon farming. Few days back, I was watching a show on the Aljazeera channel about a shortage of food items in Venezuela. In this study, I found that Venezuela exports 80% of its essential food and due to decrease in oil prices, it has become very costly for Venezuela to continue with older pattern.
Such stories are going to become common in most of the nation who will ignore their farmers. Today, we are able to eat well in India only because of the Indian farmers who is producing most of essential food items at home and at an affordable rate. If these farmers stop growing food and shift to other jobs then there will be scarcity of food and most of food items will become very expensive out of the reach of most of the people.
Already, we are witnessing food inflation and many people are not able to eat good daily meal. Recent, Jat and Patel reservation agitations are also seen associated with a decrease in the income from farming. These two castes traditionally in farming are finding it hard to continue the same work of farming because of decreasing income and increasing input cost. In the last three years, fertilizer prices have increased three times in India and
So far, thousands of Indian farmers have committed suicide in the last few years and this number is likely to increase as more and more farmers becoming victim of loans at a higher interest rate. In this whole setup, big companies, middlemen and governments are making profits in the name of poor farmers. Farming matters come under the state government; however, many state governments don't do much for the welfare of farmers.
We need to create an improvement where Indian farmers find it easy to continue with farming. Our governments need to take measures which decrease the cost of input for farmers. Second, it is very important for the government to provide cheap loans for farmers so that they don't become a victim of loans at higher interest from the moneylenders. We still have time to save Indian farmers from leaving farming and making farming again a profitable work. Industrialization alone can't solve all of our problems and we need to make some balance between